Mystery infections traced to blood-shedding religious ritual - KTEN.com - Texoma news, weather and sports

Mystery infections traced to blood-shedding religious ritual

Posted: Updated:
(AP Photo/Rahmat Gul). FILE - In this Sunday, Oct. 9, 2016 file photo, Shiite Muslim men beat themselves with knives attached to chains during a procession to mark Ashoura in Kabul, Afghanistan. In a report released on Wednesday, March 13, 2019, resear... (AP Photo/Rahmat Gul). FILE - In this Sunday, Oct. 9, 2016 file photo, Shiite Muslim men beat themselves with knives attached to chains during a procession to mark Ashoura in Kabul, Afghanistan. In a report released on Wednesday, March 13, 2019, resear...
  • NationalMore>>

  • Apple belatedly jumps into the streaming TV business

    Apple belatedly jumps into the streaming TV business

    Monday, March 25 2019 3:21 AM EDT2019-03-25 07:21:35 GMT
    Monday, March 25 2019 10:21 PM EDT2019-03-26 02:21:35 GMT
    (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File). FILE - In this June 4, 2018 file photo, Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks during an announcement of new products at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif. Apple is expected to announce Monday, March ...(AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File). FILE - In this June 4, 2018 file photo, Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks during an announcement of new products at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif. Apple is expected to announce Monday, March ...
    (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File). FILE - In this June 4, 2018 file photo, Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks during an announcement of new products at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif. Apple is expected to announce Monday, March ...(AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File). FILE - In this June 4, 2018 file photo, Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks during an announcement of new products at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Jose, Calif. Apple is expected to announce Monday, March ...
    Apple is expected to launch a video service that could compete with Netflix, Amazon and cable TV itself.More >>
    Apple is expected to launch a video service that could compete with Netflix, Amazon and cable TV itself.More >>
  • Hundreds mourn girl whose body was dumped on hiking trail

    Hundreds mourn girl whose body was dumped on hiking trail

    Monday, March 25 2019 8:51 PM EDT2019-03-26 00:51:32 GMT
    Monday, March 25 2019 10:12 PM EDT2019-03-26 02:12:38 GMT
    (AP Photo/John Rogers). Mourners gather for the funeral service of Trinity Love Jones, the 9-year-old whose body was found this month stuffed in a duffel bag along an equestrian trail, at St. John Vianney Catholic Church in Hacienda Heights, Calif., Mo...(AP Photo/John Rogers). Mourners gather for the funeral service of Trinity Love Jones, the 9-year-old whose body was found this month stuffed in a duffel bag along an equestrian trail, at St. John Vianney Catholic Church in Hacienda Heights, Calif., Mo...
    (AP Photo/John Rogers). Mourners gather for the funeral service of Trinity Love Jones, the 9-year-old whose body was found this month stuffed in a duffel bag along an equestrian trail, at St. John Vianney Catholic Church in Hacienda Heights, Calif., Mo...(AP Photo/John Rogers). Mourners gather for the funeral service of Trinity Love Jones, the 9-year-old whose body was found this month stuffed in a duffel bag along an equestrian trail, at St. John Vianney Catholic Church in Hacienda Heights, Calif., Mo...
    Hundreds of people filled a spacious Southern California church to mourn the death of a 9-year-old girl whose name they didn't know until a few weeks ago.More >>
    Hundreds of people filled a spacious Southern California church to mourn the death of a 9-year-old girl whose name they didn't know until a few weeks ago.More >>
  • Some Americans cheer Mueller's report, others feel let down

    Some Americans cheer Mueller's report, others feel let down

    Sunday, March 24 2019 7:21 PM EDT2019-03-24 23:21:26 GMT
    Monday, March 25 2019 10:12 PM EDT2019-03-26 02:12:34 GMT
    First glimpse of Mueller's work brings cheers from Republicans, scoffs from Democrats, and a push from many for more details.More >>
    First glimpse of Mueller's work brings cheers from Republicans, scoffs from Democrats, and a push from many for more details.More >>

By MIKE STOBBE
AP Medical Writer

NEW YORK (AP) - Add self-flagellation to the list of ways to get a dangerous viral blood infection.

Researchers said Wednesday that they were initially puzzled how 10 British men had become infected with a little-known virus, because the men hadn't taken risks usually associated with the infection.

But then investigators learned they had participated in blood-shedding religious rituals - cutting or whipping themselves - in Iraq, Pakistan, India and the United Kingdom.

"There have been suggestions that you might spread infections through this route, but it has never been described before" in a published medical study, said Dr. Divya Dhasmana of St. Mary's Hospital in London.

She is one of the authors of the study released Wednesday in a journal published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The men were infected with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1. Most people infected with the virus never develop symptoms, but some develop terrible illnesses, like a deadly blood cancer or a debilitating nervous system condition.

HTLV-1 spreads through breastfeeding, sex, blood transfusion and sharing of needles. Experts have estimated that up to 10 million people worldwide are infected, though it is considered relatively rare in the United States and United Kingdom.

None of the men in the study had symptoms. They were diagnosed through tests that preceded blood donations or in vitro fertilization procedures, tests that are not routinely performed in other settings.

They came to the attention of researchers at St. Mary's Hospital, which is a referral center in England for HTLV-1 cases. The mystery was solved when Dhasmana noticed scars on the back of one man, leading to questions that revealed all 10 men had participated in religious self-flagellation.

One ritual involves striking the forehead with a knife and then passing it along to other men. Another involves striking the back with a chain of blades or other bladed implement.

One man said that when he did it, the blades being passed around were soaked in a bucket containing an over-the-counter antiseptic solution. But that is inadequate to prevent spread of HTLV-1, Dhasmana said.

The practice of whipping or cutting oneself has been practiced among different religious groups, most notably by Shiite Muslims on the holy day Ashoura. Usually only men do it, and it's controversial even within religious communities.

Dhasmana said: "Our message is not 'Don't do it.' Our message is 'If you do it, don't share equipment.'"

___

The Associated Press Health & Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

Copyright 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.